Filed under: Dave Clarke, Soccer Coaching, Soccer Fitness, Soccer News, Soccer Refereeing, Soccer Skills, Soccer Team Management, Soccer Training | Tags: attack, block, centreback, defender, defending, puyol, tackle, tactics
By David Clarke
Barcelona’s captain Carles Puyol is known for his intense commitment and strength as a defender. According to Barcelona’s head doctor, Puyol is “the strongest, who has the quickest reactions, and who has the most explosive strength”.
Love him or loathe him, he is the sort of player who gives everything for the cause, who prides himself on being alert to wave after wave of attacking threats in and around the box. He is also the sort of player who is not afraid to put his body in harm’s way. And he’ll grab you the odd goal or two.
Ensuring that your players are back on their feet after a good tackle or clearance and ready to combat a second wave of danger is essential.
To keep them alive and reactive, here’s a defensive move that asks for quick reactions and tireless commitment to the cause.
How to set it up:
Create a playing area measuring 10×10 yards.
The drill requires four servers and one designated defender.
Each server starts on a different side, with a ball.
Place your defender in the middle – his job is to react to a different serve from each player around the area. After each serve, his task is to keep the ball within the box.
Starting on the left-hand side, server 3 throws the ball up for server 1 to head into the middle. The defender tries to stop the ball from going out of bounds.
Immediately, server 2 passes a ball towards the opposite line. The defender must now react, running to slide and stop the ball from crossing the line.
Now server 3 dribbles onto the pitch and attempts to get to the line opposite. The defender tries to stop him.
Finally, server 4 throws the ball over the defender’s head and attempts to run around him to win it back. The defender’s task is to shield the ball, letting it run over the line. If the ball stops dead before the line, he can then kick it clear to the left or the right.
Now rotate so that a different player acts as the defender.
Why this works:
Adopting the mindset that a defender’s job is rarely complete is absolutely vital if players are to counter all of the threats on a match day. After each phase of this drill, the defender needs to be alert to a new test, reacting quickly to each ball and clearing the danger.
Each test offers a new skill, and provides you with a quick-fire snapshot of where the defender’s game can be improved.
Filed under: Dave Clarke, Soccer Coaching, Soccer Fitness, Soccer News, Soccer Refereeing, Soccer Skills, Soccer Team Management, Soccer Training | Tags: Barcelona, Bayern Munich, defending, pressing, tactics, winning
This game is about pressing and dropping in tight areas of the pitch. It helps your players’ decision-making skills where overloads are concerned – their judgment of when to press and when to drop during a game, depending on numbers and position on the pitch.
Playing in exercises that have a game structure helps players understand training principles.
How to set it up:
- This game requires cones and balls.
- Use two 30×20 yards areas with a gap between of 10 to 20 yards. The bigger the gap, the fitter your players need to be.
- Two teams – whites and greys – play 4v4 in each area, with a five-yard cone goal at each end but no keepers.
- Start both 4v4s at the same time, instructing one team when to press high and when to drop back to cover lower down the pitch. Play for five minutes.
- Now assign numbers – in both boxes whites are 1, 2, 3 and 4. Greys in both boxes are 5, 6, 7 and 8.
- Returning to the game, when you call out a number the two players who have that number must switch pitches to create overload scenarios.
- Play for a further five minutes.
Progressing the session:
The players now don’t have numbers, and can play in either box. If greys are winning in one box but losing in the other, players can switch to assist, leaving team mates behind to defend their lead. Play for 10 minutes.
Why this works:
As the players switch pitches they leave and join different overloads, adapting their game in the process. In the progression, the decision of when to support the other team is left to the players. The challenge is very match-like in that respect – when to press and when to drop.
Filed under: Dave Clarke, Soccer Coaching, Soccer Fitness, Soccer News, Soccer Refereeing, Soccer Skills, Soccer Team Management, Soccer Training | Tags: block, blocking, brave, defending, intercept, stop attack
This game works on reactive speed and forces the players to work at match speed in order to be successful.
Set up an area 25 yards square with three poles, three balls and one goal.
- Split your players into two lines with one line acting as defenders and one line as the attackers.
- The players pass the ball back and forth. On your whistle, they quickly run around their poles.
- The attacker must then shoot first time and the defender must try to clear the ball or block the shot.
What to call out
- “Get in line with the ball”
- “Stop the shot”
Filed under: Dave Clarke, Soccer Coaching, Soccer Fitness, Soccer News, Soccer Refereeing, Soccer Skills, Soccer Team Management, Soccer Training | Tags: block, defending, pressing, repel, shut down, tactics
Getting your defenders to close ranks on an attacking threat is vital for taking control of defensive situations in a match. Give the opposition time on the ball in your half of the pitch and they will find it much easier to create goal scoring chances from good passes.
All your players should be able to quickly close down the opposition no matter where they play on the pitch. If attackers are helping out the defence, they become an important part of helping to close the opposition down.
What you want your players to achieve when they are closing down is to make it harder for opponents to pass the ball. The discipline needs good timing and anticipation so the defender can stay balanced on their feet.
- Try and anticipate while the ball is moving
- Concentrate on the opponents around the ball
- Wait until the right moment to make the tackle
- Try and stay standing at all times
I use this game to get my defenders moving to block the pass and keep attackers at bay. They need to watch the ball at all times and keep tabs on the opponents.
How to play it
- Defenders start on the edge of the pitch and pass the ball across to an attacker.
- Defenders must follow the ball to mark the attackers.
- Attackers can only have three touches each and must cross the line of cones before they can pass to attacker 3, who must stay off the pitch at the defenders’ end.
- Defenders must move to block passes to attacker 3.
- Defenders should have their knees slightly bent in a crouching position, and be slightly side on to the attacker.
- Defenders should be close enough to the attacker to pounce if a chance to tackle is offered.
- Defenders should stay on their feet and move quickly.
- Good communication between team mates is necessary when passing or covering the space to block.
Filed under: Dave Clarke, Soccer Coaching, Soccer Fitness, Soccer News, Soccer Refereeing, Soccer Skills, Soccer Team Management, Soccer Training | Tags: 4v4, defending, play out from back, small-sided game
One of the things that is important in playing out from the back is the pass from the goalkeeper out to a defender in space. This is an important part of the tactic. A pass that puts the defender under pressure will usually end up in disaster.
A good first pass and the defenders are on their toes ready for the ball.
Play this game which keeps the defenders on their toes but gives them a target to aim at.
Pitch size: 30 x 20 yards (minimum) up to 40 x 25 yards (maximum)
One full-sized goal
Two teams of four players
Three mini target goals
One team starts the game as the attacking team.
One team starts the game as the defending team.
The keeper starts the practice with the ball in his hands.
The defending team must attempt to pass out of defence and into one of the mini goals in order to score a goal.
The attacking team must try to win the ball and shoot into the net to score a goal.
The game is played for 10 consecutive balls.
The two teams then reverse roles for a further 10 balls.
Filed under: Dave Clarke, Soccer Coaching, Soccer Fitness, Soccer News, Soccer Refereeing, Soccer Skills, Soccer Team Management, Soccer Training | Tags: defending, force play, predictable, pressing, Switch play, tactics
An important characteristic of modern teams is their ability to control the game even when they haven’t got the ball. The whole team plays a part in this tactic with the intention of forcing the opposition into awkward situations.
The formation succeeds by covering all avenues of opposition attack, meaning that play is stifled. It relies on pressing as soon as the opposition has the ball. The defending team always keeps the action in front of them and tries to stop any balls through the centre or in behind.
This tactic requires good fitness from players because it is hard work. And for pressing to work, the team must prevent any switches of play as this will give overload initiatives to attackers. But performed well, the game rewards are significant.
How to set it up:
Set up an area measuring 30×20 yards. Make three 10-yard zones across the width of the pitch.
You will need bibs, cones, balls and goals.
The players in the middle zone must prevent other teams passing through them.
This featured session uses nine players split into groups of three (one group in each area), but it will work with any equal denominations.
No balls are allowed over head height.
Players are restricted to two touches.
Play starts with either end zone team. Players pass among themselves before threading a ball through to the team in the opposite end zone.
For the first two minutes, the middle team is not allowed to move any player out of its zone.
After two minutes, allow one player from the middle zone to go forward into an end zone to press the ball. Play this for three minutes.
If the ball is intercepted, play restarts at the other end.
Rotate play so that each team fulfils defensive duties in the middle.
Now try this:
Remove the zones and add two goals, with a keeper in each. Also add a halfway line.
Keep the teams in threes but this time the middle team attacks one end, then turns and attacks the other.
The outer two teams must defend the area and clear the ball using the pressing technique.
If a goal is scored, play restarts with the middle group and they attack in the opposite direction. If a tackle is made, the defenders’ reward is to now switch places with the middle group, thus becoming the attackers.
Why this works:
Pressing the ball is a great tactic for winning back possession. This activity shows the value in doing that, compared to standing off waiting to intercept. Pressing means opposition players rarely settle on the ball and mistakes can be forced, either through poor control or a rushed pass.
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Filed under: Dave Clarke, Soccer Coaching, Soccer Fitness, Soccer News, Soccer Refereeing, Soccer Skills, Soccer Team Management, Soccer Training | Tags: back four, back three, defending, depth, positions, pressure, sessions, support
Teaching defenders technique and the ability to move into the right places at the right time can be done on the training ground.
Here though, we combine the teaching with an immediate attack versus defence scenario, so players are straight away putting into practice what they have learnt.
So they must ensure they react to the call well, adopt the right shape, then be ready to defend immediately.
How to set it up:
Create a 25-yard square with 10 x 5 yards end zones.
In front of one end zone, place three cones across the width of the area, plus a mini goal just in front of the central cone.
Three defenders start behind the cones and three attackers start at the opposite end.
- Stand halfway up the area on the touchline.
The three defenders will need to move as per your instructions, so teamwork and unity is essential in maintaining a solid backline. So you will call either:
“Left” – the left defender pressures and shows inside, the central defender supports and stops the forward pass, the defender farthest away supports the central player and provides depth.
“Centre” – the central defender pressures the ball while the two wide defenders take up supporting positions behind, and to either side to stop the forward pass.
“Right” – the right defender pressures and shows inside, the central defender supports and stops the forward pass, the defender farthest away supports the central player and provides depth.
On your call, the defending team completes the defending technique task.
You then pass a ball to the attacking team at the opposite end.
Immediately, the defenders must run onto the pitch and use the group defending technique to stop their opponents from scoring in their target goal.
Each team has six run-throughs before the roles are reversed. The winning team is the one to have scored most times in the goal.